The two-year study of either Riga or Gdansk will complement the Amsterdam study by examining a key Baltic trading partner of that city that was also a vital city for Swedish, Russian and (by 1660) British transactions for naval stores. The study will concentrate on (i) 1580s-1621 when Riga was incorporated into Sweden’s Baltic empire whilst developing as a major hub for naval and other resources, or Gdansk which maintained its autonomy whilst serving as a key city for transacting business in the Baltic; (ii) 1660-1721 to encompass transactions during the Great Northern War (1700-21) and thus the incorporation of northern and eastern European states into the Fiscal-Military System, as well as extending the coverage of naval resources provided by the Amsterdam and Genoese case studies.

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